Applied Behaviour Analysis - Autism Therapy

What is ABA?

Applied behavior analysis is defined as the process of systematically applying interventions based upon the principles of learning theory to improve socially significant behaviours to a meaningful degree, and to demonstrate that the interventions employed are responsible for the changes in behaviour. (Baer, Wolfe and Risley, 1968)

There is no single program or plan that "is" ABA.

ABA, applied behavioral analysis, is simply the application of behavioral principles, to everyday situations, that will, over time, increase or decrease targeted behaviors. ABA has been used to help individuals acquire many different skills, such as language skills, self-help skills, and play skills; in addition, these principles can help to decrease maladaptive behaviors such as aggression, self-stimulatory behaviors, and self-injury.

ABA is the science on which we base our treatment.

 ABA is a discipline that employs objective data to drive decision-making about an individual’s program. That is, data is collected on responses made by the individual to determine if progress is being made or not; if there is no progress under a particular intervention, we need to reevaluate the program and change it so that the child begins to make progress.

What can ABA be used for?

If it is a behavior, and it can be observed, ABA principles exist that can be used to either increase or decrease that behavior.  As a discipline, ABA providers are charged with the improvement of socially significant behaviors. Socially significant behaviors include communication, social skills, academics, reading and adaptive living skills such as gross and fine motor skills, toileting, dressing, eating, personal self-care, domestic skills, and work skills.

Our Process

1. Our consultants talk with you to determine what your goals are for your child.

2. Each child or youth is then given an assessment to see what skills he/she already has.

3. We will then create individualized programs that suit the goals discussed.

4. Programs are then taught using Applied Behaviour Analysis with our experienced therapists.

5. Programs and learned behaviours are generalized to new environments, people and stimuli.

     Behaviours are also maintained over time

Programs

What does programming look like?

  • Based on the assessment of your child's needs, we will develop a program that is specific to them
  • This program may include communication skills like requesting items(mand), labelling items(tact), conversational skills(intraverbal). If your child is not vocal, we will teach an alternative method of communication like PECS® (Picture Exchange Communications System) or Protoquo® to go using an ipad or other such device.
  • Self help skills - dressing, toileting, feeding etc. 
  • Motor imitation and other play skills like turn taking to help develop social interaction.
  • Eye contact - which is crucial for social communication.
  • Listener skills - following directions, responding to others, making discriminations

Again, each program will be geared toward the areas where your child needs help. Together we will decide on the goals that are relevant to your child and your family's needs.

Long Distance Services

Online Cosulting

• Using the internet, we can connect for consultation, training, and supervision of therapy sessions in your home.  

• Assessment can be done at the center - or in your home (travel costs will be charged)  

• You will needa computer with a web-camera, and internet access, as well as all the necessary materials to run a home program.

Starting an ABA program in your home

1. The first step in getting your in home program started is having us come by to do an assessment of your child. we use what is called The Verbal Behavior Milestones Assessment and Placement Program - or VB Mapp, Mark L.Sundberg, Ph.D. This is a language and social skills assessment program for children with Autism and other developmental disabilities.    

2. Based on the assessment, we will develop a program that is specific to your child's needs.   ​         

3. We will train the Behaviour Interventionists (and parents too!) in the specific programs that have been written for your child, as well as in behavioural principles in general which should help you day to day in working with  your child.  The Behaviour Interventionists (or BI's for short) can be hired by me or by the family to work with the child - whatever the family decides works best for their situation.            

4. Every 10 hours of programming -  we will be there to supervise the program to make sure that it is moving along as it should, and trouble shoot any issues that may be occurring.  (for rural clients a skype option will be available for some of these sessions).

What materials will I need?

1. Typically you will need a table for your child to work at - with a chair of appropriate size.  The child should be able to reach the table easily, and be able to put both feet on the floor while doing so.         

2. Reinforcers - these would be things that your child would be motivated to "work" for.  Toys, activities, food, etc. (We do have some that we can loan to families and switch out frequently).         

3. A space to work  - this can be a seperate room in the house - or a space in the home that  is designated as the therapy area.  It should be devoid of other toys and destractions that may interfere with the program sessions.   (keep in mind that we will eventually move to all areas of the house - the school, community etc., so don't worry the space will be temporary).

How many hours of intervention will my child need?

Well, that depends on many different factors.  Including but not limited to the results of the assessment. But the recommended minimum level of intensity of treatment is 20 hours per week, programs can go up to 40 hours per week if necessary.    

After an assessment of your child's needs, we can work together to set goals that are appropriate for your child. Based on that assessment and goal setting - we will come to a recommended number of hours per week for the programming.